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新视野大学英语4读写教程课文unit9 What Does It Really Mean to Gr

新视野大学英语_新视野大学英语4读写教程课文unit9 What Does It Really Mean to Gr

Section A:
Does Mickey Mouse have a beard?
No.
Does this mean that French men seeking ust shave off their moustaches too?
It depends.
A labor inspector took the Disney organization to court this pany’s dress and appearance code — oustaches, beards, excess e of the delicate cultural issues the company faces as it gets ready to open its theme park 20 miles (32 kilometers) east of Paris in five months’ time.
The Disney management, bling e park, argues that all employees, from bottle ilar to actors pany spokesman says, no one has yet put his moustache before a job. As one neember” put it: “You must believe in e here.”
But erican recreation.
For all its concern about foreign cultural invasion and its defense against the pollution of the French language by English ent has been untroubled about putting such a huge American symbol on the doorstep of the capital and has been more concerned about its social effect. It made an extraordinary series of tax and financial concessions to attract the theme park here rather than let it go to sunny Spain.
The theme park itself plex of housing, office, and resort developments stretching far into the next century, including movie and television production facilities. As part of its deal ent is laying on and paying for neain entrance of Euro Disneyland, and is scheduled to come into service in 1994.
If Euro Disneyland succeeds — e parks already in France have so far failed — a second and even a third park is likely to be built by the end of the century. Financial experts say that Euro Disneyland, the first phase of ated $3.6 billion, is essential to Disney’s overall fortunes, petition and declining attendance in the United States.
French intellectuals have not found many kind things to say about the project. The kids, hoe from European fairy tales or stories and are as familiar to children here as they are in the United States. To a French child Mickey is French. To an Italian kid he is Italian.
The Disney management is stressing this tradition in an apparent response to suggestions that it is culturally insensitive. Although the concept of the theme park is closely based on the original Magic Kingdom in California and Walt Disney World in Florida, “Euro Disneyland anner appropriate to its European home,” the company says. “The legends and fairy tales e from Europe figure prominently in the creative development of the theme park.” Officials point out, for example, that Sleeping Beauty’s castle, the central feature of the theme park, is based not on Hollye might think, but on the illustrations in a medieval European book. Also, a 360-degree movie, based on the adventures of Jules Verne, features ake the park more European, a spokesman mentioned that direction signs in the theme park e performers e time making it different,” the spokesman said.
On the other hand, this effort is not being taken too far. Another Disney spokesman said earlier that the aim of the theme park is to provide a basically American experience for those ight otherplated a vacation in the United States to focus a bit too much on hair. “Main Street, USA”, the heart of Euro Disneyland, it promises, e “Harmony Barber Shop” to deal essy hair and hairy chins” — and perhaps even offending mustaches. One difference from California or Florida: Parts of Main Street and erican or fake European culture can reach the Louvre art museum by express rail Minnie Mouse to Mona Lisa in a flash.
Communications figured largely in the Disney organization’s decision to site its fourth theme park near Paris. The site is illion Europeans. The opening of Eastern Europe is another prize for the company, illions of people ean that French men seeking ust shave off their moustaches too?
It depends.
A labor inspector took the Disney organization to court this pany’s dress and appearance code — oustaches, beards, excess e of the delicate cultural issues the company faces as it gets ready to open its theme park 20 miles (32 kilometers) east of Paris i

n five months’ time.
The Disney management, bling e park, argues that all employees, from bottle ilar to actors pany spokesman says, no one has yet put his moustache before a job. As one neember” put it: “You must believe in e here.”
But erican recreation.
For all its concern about foreign cultural invasion and its defense against the pollution of the French language by English ent has been untroubled about putting such a huge American symbol on the doorstep of the capital and has been more concerned about its social effect. It made an extraordinary series of tax and financial concessions to attract the theme park here rather than let it go to sunny Spain.
The theme park itself plex of housing, office, and resort developments stretching far into the next century, including movie and television production facilities. As part of its deal ent is laying on and paying for neain entrance of Euro Disneyland, and is scheduled to come into service in 1994.
If Euro Disneyland succeeds — e parks already in France have so far failed — a second and even a third park is likely to be built by the end of the century. Financial experts say that Euro Disneyland, the first phase of ated $3.6 billion, is essential to Disney’s overall fortunes, petition and declining attendance in the United States.
French intellectuals have not found many kind things to say about the project. The kids, hoe from European fairy tales or stories and are as familiar to children here as they are in the United States. To a French child Mickey is French. To an Italian kid he is Italian.
The Disney management is stressing this tradition in an apparent response to suggestions that it is culturally insensitive. Although the concept of the theme park is closely based on the original Magic Kingdom in California and Walt Disney World in Florida, “Euro Disneyland anner appropriate to its European home,” the company says. “The legends and fairy tales e from Europe figure prominently in the creative development of the theme park.” Officials point out, for example, that Sleeping Beauty’s castle, the central feature of the theme park, is based not on Hollye might think, but on the illustrations in a medieval European book. Also, a 360-degree movie, based on the adventures of Jules Verne, features ake the park more European, a spokesman mentioned that direction signs in the theme park e performers e time making it different,” the spokesman said.
On the other hand, this effort is not being taken too far. Another Disney spokesman said earlier that the aim of the theme park is to provide a basically American experience for those ight otherplated a vacation in the United States to focus a bit too much on hair. “Main Street, USA”, the heart of Euro Disneyland, it promises, e “Harmony Barber Shop” to deal essy hair and hairy chins” — and perhaps even offending mustaches. One difference from California or Florida: Parts of Main Street and erican or fake European culture can reach the Louvre art museum by express rail Minnie Mouse to Mona Lisa in a flash.
Communications figured largely in the Disney organization’s decision to site its fourth theme park near Paris. The site is illion Europeans. The opening of Eastern Europe is another prize for the company, illions of people Euro Disney
The Euro Disney Corporation, acknoe park had not performed as strongly as expected, announced Thursday that it e of the April opening of the park, eters (20 miles) east of Paris, Euro Disney officials said they expected to make a small profit for the financial year ending September 30. But since then the park has been hit by a number of problems.
“We pany’s chief financial officer said in a telephone intervieent for the current revenue level.”
The parent company, Walt Disney Corporation, said Thursday that its income rose 33 percent in the quarter. But it Euro Disney, of pany anticipates that it ber 30, 1992″. It added that “the amount of the loss aining portion of the critical European summer vacation period”. The announcement amounted to an extraordinary reversal for Euro Disney, id immense celebration and mediate success.
At the time of the opening, on April 12, the company’s shares arket had “reacted a bit emotionally to preliminary information”. He added that “by all objective standards the park is very successful. The long-term acceptance is strong, the rest is just details.”
The company said that 3.6 million people had visited the park from April 12 to July 22, a performance superior to that of comparable start-up periods at other Disney theme parks. But it ent, stock market experts Paribas Capital Markets Group issued a “sell” recommendation on Euro Disney stock, saying that attendance levels for the period pany illion francs in the current financial year and continue losing money for tore years.
The main problem confronting Euro Disney appears to be managing its costs and finding an appropriate price level for its over 5,000 hotel rooms. Clearly, costs have been geared to a revenue level that has not been achieved, and the company is beginning to drop hotel prices that have been ber of staff, noe doonths, mainly through the loss of seasonal employees”. Of the current staff, 5,000 are employed on a temporary basis, he said.
He also acknos at the resort had been cut to 550 francs ($110) from 750 francs at the time of the opening, and that some rooms they’ll get it right.”
Still, huge doubt hangs over the company’s plans to keep the theme park open through the cold European ething no other theme park in Europe has ever attempted. Last month, the company said it the Paris region. Mr. Forsgren said that French attendance proving and accounted for 1 million of the 3.6 million visitors, ost of the rest coming from Britain and Germany. Only 1 percent of visitors have been American.
For its third quarter ending June 30, the first in pany announced revenues of 2.47 billion francs ($492 million), but gave no profit or loss figures in line pany earned 75 million francs, mainly from investment income and sale of construction rights on its site.

Section C:
A Leisure Boom in Japan
My knees are shaking, my heart is beating y head is enclosed in a crash helmet (防撞头盔) that seems much too thin. Balanced at the edge of a narro, I am about to jump head first into a hot ne: indoor sky diving, deep into second thoughts, but there is no backing out nob back do the toen”(薪水阶层)and “office ladies” lined up behind me at an amusement park (游乐园) named Tokyo Roof(东京屋顶).
Tokyo Roof is one of hundreds of amusement parks, sports centers, and resorts opening all over Japan as this hard- in Japan, and like many national trends here it is largely a government-led phenomenon. Under pressure from the United States and other trading partners, plain about the labor force uch, Japan is ore hours per year than the average of their American counterparts, according to figures from Japan’s Labor Ministry. With school in session every orning 10 months of the year, Japanese students have almost 60 more class days annually than their American peers.
But noent and big businesses are vigorously promoting the concept of “leisure”. Some companies require employees to take longer vacations, and others are moving to eliminate the traditional Saturday for people e in a tightly packed country any places to play. Designing cities according to the traditional concept that hard oral duty, those ost no room for recreation. Today, according to the Ministry of Construction, Tokyo has about 2.5 square meters of park for each resident.
To make up for the lack of public parks, the private sector is devising all sorts of nearket. They include: indoor ski resorts, ountains made of crushed ice inside huge buildings complete ountain-climbing centers, smashing usement parks have opened since Tokyo Disneyland arrived in 1983, and 200 more are proposed or under construction. Targeted at not only children but also young any amusement parks are pushing thrills. One Tokyo attraction has six roller coasters (环滑车道), arked by a massive sign that reads, in English, “Good Music from Your Body Heart on the World Line”, Tokyo Roof is a test market for neusement park ideas. It offers video-imitated golf courses, a racetrack ers can drive scale racecars, a movie theater ost popular attraction is the tall top, Tokyo Roof rented me a flight suit, special shoes, gloves, earplugs(耳塞), a crash helmet, a face mask, a tooth guard and a safety harness (but no parachute).
Enclosed in this outfit, I ostly office y turn to climb the stairs and step out onto the narro.
I eter-high cylinder(圆柱体) of netting my “coach”, of the toy helmet, closed my eyes and leaped into the air.
I found myself suspended in the middle of the air — held up by a 130-kilometer-an-hour blast of ing from an industrial-strength fan in the bottom of the toits indoor, parachute-free “sky diving”. To my tremendous relief, it inutes I flapped on the n of like sky diving, except that there is no diving involved; I floated at about the same level in the to the top of the toy coach, e hobs. Eventually I acquired just enough control to move over to the exit platform. With my blood pressure going crazy but my pride intact, I exited the tower, only slightly shaken after a thrilling encounter with the Japanese concept of leisure.

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